Zostawa, J., Adamczyk, J., Sowa, P. et al. Neurol Sci (2017) 38: 389. doi:10.1007/s10072-016-2802-8
First Online: 11 January 2017
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, inflammatory, autoimmune disease of the central nervous system, and is an important cause of disability in young adults. In genetically susceptible individuals, several environmental factors may play a partial role in the pathogenesis of MS. Some studies suggests that high-salt diet (>5 g/day) may contribute to the MS and other autoimmune disease development through the induction of pathogenic Th17 cells and pro-inflammatory cytokines in both humans and mice. However, the precise mechanisms of pro-inflammatory effect of sodium chloride intake are not yet explained. The purpose of this review was to discuss the present state of knowledge on the potential role of environmental and dietary factors, particularly sodium chloride on the development and course of MS.
Sodium chloride intakeMultiple sclerosisEnvironmental factors in MSVGSCs
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